I would explain this by saying that since the mind is a separate nonphysical entity and cannot interact with physical matter, it needs a focal point to control the body from.
Cambridge, Massachusetts,  Often referred to as the mind-body problem or the ontological problem. Canada, Gallois, Andre The world without, Essays dualism property dualism mind within: Firstly, it is easy to accept the idea that in some way our body and mind are different "types" of thing.
No mental state is the same one thing as some physical state, nor is any mental state composed merely from physical states and phenomena. If someone dies old and incontinent are they to remain like that for eternity? An essay on first-person authorityCambridge University Press: Philosophy of mind depends upon logical arguing, scientific support and furthermore, upon the potential for development.
Whereas the materialist can speak with passion about the complex workings of neurones and cells and electricity working between the spinal cord and the brain, the dualist has no established basis for his explanations of causal efficacy, and instead has to exercise a deifying belief in a purely speculative non-physical substance.
What forms does dualism take? It asserts that while mental states are physical in that they are caused by physical states, they are not ontologically reducible to physical states. Right now, materialism faces the same opposition as evolution.
Where do we go from here?
Two of the most Essays dualism property dualism problems with dualism are i the problem of brain functioning and ii the problem of causal efficacy. Great Britain, Glover, Jonathan I: This would seem obvious, we can't know for sure what happens until we are dead and are experiencing the events.
Religion is often based on blind faith and hope, and so these logic-based criticisms would have absolutely no impact on many believers. How indeed does a non-physical substance affect the workings of the brain? Recently, epiphenomenalism has gained popularity with those struggling to reconcile non-reductive physicalism and mental causation.
Unfortunately for the dualist, at this point in time, his answer is purely speculative. He goes on to say that things that are divisible decay, so because the soul isn't divisible, it can't decay and therefore must survive death.
Two of the most significant problems with dualism are i the problem of brain functioning and ii the problem of causal efficacy. Epiphenomenalism Epiphenomenalism is a doctrine about mental-physical causal relations which holds that one or more mental states and their properties are the byproducts or epiphenomena of the states of a closed physical system, and are not causally reducible to physical states do not have any influence on physical states.
Descartes was a proponent of Cartesian dualism, and as he saw it, the mind is not your material body but instead a non-spatial substance all of its own, devoted purely to thinking. MIT Press,pp 8  Ibid, pp 8.
To paraphrase his argument, if the mind really is distinct from the brain, then it follows that impairments to the brain from outside influences like alcohol, drugs, senility, or damage should have no effect on the mind. Anything that i can clearly and distinctly understand can be created by God exactly as I understand it.
However there are also serious arguments against it The first major argument against dualism is simplicity. They negate its profound truth…  Camus expresses here the doubts and anxieties of Everyman.
Can any form of dualism overcome these problems? The linking factor here is the problem of causal efficacy, or in other words, the way in which the dualist claims the physical body and the non-physical mind interact. What forms does dualism take? This argument is primarily the basis for my own belief in substance dualism.
Unfortunately for the dualist, at this point in time, his answer is purely speculative. Materialists state that because their view is simpler they only believe in one thing- that which is physical it is more rational to subscribe to their view.
It essentially holds that there is no substance beyond the human brain, but that the brain has special emergent properties that are both non-physical and irreducible. These phenomena reflect the nonphysical and supernatural nature that dualism gives to the mind.
In the future, The mind may become completely understood by science. It is important to note at this point the spiritual factor of dualism, as it will come up later in the discussion as an important point of contention. A major criticism of this is that believing death will breed life is too big an assumption as we can't experience this happening.
Descartes described the mind as a "non-corporeal" substance which is distinct from material or bodily substance reff. They have nothing to do with the mind.
So long as the reduction of non-mental properties to mental ones is in place, panpsychism is not strictly a form of property dualism; otherwise it is. The ability to recall events that took place whilst being clinically dead is astounding, but there are challenges in the form of the chemical make up of the brain.
However, some panpsychists say that mechanical behaviour is derived from the primitive mentality of atoms and molecules — as are sophisticated mentality and organic behaviour, the difference being attributed to the presence or absence of complex structure in a compound object.Property Dualism Words | 6 Pages.
This essay assesses property dualism, a theory of mind. It proclaims the existence of a single, physical substance (unlike Cartesian dualism), but argues that this single substance has two potential properties: physical and mental states that are not reducible.
Essays; Essays (Student for the differences between the Mind and the Body by favouring the Cartesian Dualism X has a property that Y lacks (or. Dec 11, · Dualism – Philosophy of Religion essay 11Dec11 “Dualism They have been broken into two broad categories: substance dualism and property dualism.
The paper presented several arguments in favor of substance dualism by showing the distinctiveness of mental and physical properties and states; as well as the existence of secondary qualities. The paper also examined the main criticism of interactive substance dualism and the problem of interaction between mind and body.
Examine the strengths and weaknesses of Dualism And what is that which is termed death, but this very separation and release of the soul from the body- Socrates (reff.1) Dualism is the belief that the body and the mind are separable, and at death, the non-physical mind, or soul, leaves the physical body on earth to decay, whilst it passes on to 4/4(1).
Descartes Dualism Essay. Mind-Body Dualism. The theory that the mind(or soul) is in some way nonphysical or immaterial. Dualists believe that either the minf is a distinct entity from the body (substance) or that the properties of the mind are not physical properties of the body (property).Download